Monday, 22 May 2017

Lt-Col Mahmood Khan Durrani GC

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Lt-Col Mahmood Khan Durrani GC, 1st Bahawalpur Infantry, Indian State Forces.
Lt-Col Mahmood Khan Durrani, GC (1914–1995) was a 26-year-old Captain serving in the 1st Bahawalpur Infantry, British Indian Army (now 8th Bn The Baloch Regt, Pakistani Army) in Malaya during World War II, when he was awarded the George Cross for heroism while a PoW of the Japanese.
Mahmood Khan Durrani belonged to the Durrani tribe. He was born on 1st July 1914 in Multan in the Western Punjab. After completing his schooling, he joined the Army of Bahawalpur State. When the Second World War broke out, he accompanied his Battalion, which was dispatched to Northern Malaya in March 1941, in anticipation of the looming war with Japan.
During the British withdrawal in Malaya following the Japanese invasion in December 1941, Capt Mahmood Khan Durrani and a small party of soldiers managed to evade capture for three months before their location was betrayed to the Japanese sponsored Indian National Army (INA). He refused to co-operate with the INA and actively worked to thwart their political and military aims, for which he was subjected to severe torture and mistreatment, which left his health permanently affected.
Citation:
The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the award of the GEORGE CROSS, in recognition of most conspicuous gallantry in carrying out hazardous work in a very brave manner, to:-
Captain MAHMOOD KHAN DURRANI, 1st Bahawalpur Infantry, Indian States Forces."
Account of Deed:
"For outstanding courage, loyalty and fortitude whilst a Prisoner-of-War."
With a small party he was cut off during the withdrawal in Malaya. They succeeded in remaining free in hiding for three months until betrayal, when they were arrested and confined. Refusing to join the INA this officer devoted himself to rendering valuable service. He then conceived and put into execution, a plan for thwarting the Japanese plans for infiltrating agents into India. After many delays and set backs due to falling under suspicion he ultimately achieved much of his objective. Presumably as a result of the suspicion that he had been responsible for the failure of their plans, he was arrested by the Japanese. For ten days he was subjected to third degree methods including starvation, deprivation of sleep and physical torture such as the application of burning cigarettes to his legs. Subsequently he was given a mock trial and condemned to death but the execution was postponed in order that information should be extracted. He was then tortured by various particularly brutal methods continuously for several days. The exact time is uncertain as there were periods of unconsciousness, but it was certainly lasted for some days. No information whatever was obtained from him. Thereafter he was kept in solitary confinement for several months, with occasional interrogations and was given little medical treatment and just enough food to sustain life.
When finally liberated he was found to be permanently affected in health and still bears the marks of physical torture. He will never be the same again. Throughout he was fully aware of the possible consequences of his actions and, when discovered, he preferred to undergo protracted and cruel torture rather than confess his plans and save himself, because he still hoped that he might achieve his purpose. To confess would have endangered others' lives and might have influenced the enemy to change their plans.

His outstanding example of deliberate cold-blooded bravery is most fully deserving of the highest award."
Capt Durrani was presented with his George Cross by Field Marshal Lord Wavell in 1946 at a special investiture ceremony held at the Red Fort, Delhi, India.
After his repatriation, Durrani resumed his military career and on partition of India in 1947, he opted for Pakistan. He continued to serve in the Pakistani Army, retiring in 1971 as a Lieutenant Colonel.
A poet and noted writer, he died on 20th August 1995, aged 81 years old. His autobiography, The Sixth Column, was published in the UK in 1955.
The only George Cross recipient to have survived Japanese captivity, Durrani was one of the first George Cross Committee members of the Victoria Cross and George Cross Association. His George Cross is on display in the Imperial War Museum's Victoria & George Cross Gallery.

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Sunday, 21 May 2017

TAHUKAH ANDA?

Tahukah Anda?
Bahwa ikan yg ribuan tahun lalu menelan Nabi Yunus AS itu ternyata masih lg hidup sampai sekarang, bahkan sampai hari kiamat. Hal ini sdh dijelaskan dalam Al-Qur'an: andai Yunus itu tidak beristighfar, sudah tentu ia akan tinggal dalam perut ikan tersebut sampai hari kebangkitan..Maka banyakkan lah beristighfar.
Tahukah Anda?
Bahwa janin semasa dalam kandungan perut ibunya, dia sudah dilihatkan perjalanan hidupnya bermula dr lahir sampai mati. Kerana itu, kadang2 ketika kita berkunjung ke sesuatu tempat yang baru, kita rasa seolah2 tempat tersebut sudah tidak asing lg bagi kita.
Tahukah Anda?
Di saat kita bersin, seluruh anggota tubuh kita terhenti berfungsi, seolah2 kita mati Ini terjadi dalam hitungan yg sgt pantas. Setelah itu ianya berfungsi spt normal semula. Inilah kenapa dalam Islam disunnahkan kita membaca "Alhamdulillah" setelah bersin sebagai ungkapan kesyukuran atas berfungsinya kembali seluruh anggota badan kita.
Tahukah Anda?
Menguap itu bukan tanda bahawa kita mengantuk tapi itu adalah pertanda bahwa tubuh kita perlu tambahan oksigen.
Tahukah Anda?
Bahawa memakan buah kurma dalam jumlah yg genap itu akan menghasilkan gula dlm darah. Kerana itu Rasulullah SAW telah menganjurkan kita untuk makan kurma dalam jumlah ganjil, agar ianya berubah menjadi karbohidrat.
Tahukah Anda?
Bahawa tepat setelah dikumandangkan azan, itu adalah waktu yang paling mustajab untuk berdoa.
Tahukah Anda?
Di mana dosa-dosa kita diletakkan ketika kita sedang bersolat? Nabi Muhammad SAW bersabda: "Sesungguhnya seorang hamba ketika menunaikan solat, dia akan membawa bersama semua dosa-dosanya. Kemudian dosa-dosa itu diletakkan di atas kepala dan kedua pundaknya. Maka ketika ia ruku' atau sujud, berjatuhanlah dosa-dosa tersebut.
Wahai orang-orang yang biasa tergesa-gesa dalam solatnya supaya bertenang dan tahanlah lebih lama sikit ketika sedang ruku' dan sujud agar lebih banyak dosa kita yang berguguran..

Tahukah Anda?
Diceritakan ada seorang wanita soleha yg meninggal dunia. Maka tiap kali penduduk desa menziarah kuburnya, mereka tercium harumnya mawar dr dalam kubur tsbt. Kemudian suaminya menjelaskan bahawa isterinya ketika masih hidup selalu membaca surah Al-Mulk terutamanya setiap kali mahu masuk tidur.. Sesungguhnya surat Al-Mulk itu menyelamatkan kita semua dari seksa kubur.
Tahukah Anda?
Ketika kita membaca ayat Kursi setelah kita selesai solat, maka tiada halangan antara kita dgn shurga kecuali mati...
Tahukah Anda?
Bahawa para malaikat mendoakan kita selepas selesai solat, Maka janganlah kita terburu2 untuk beranjak dari tempat duduk..
Tengah jemur kain jiran datang tegur, 
'jemur kain ke?' 
Tapi kita jawab "eh tak la tengah masak",
soalan mesra dijawab dengan sindiran.

Allah bertanya, "Wahai Nabi Musa, apa yang ada ditanganmu itu? 
Jawab Musa , "Inilah tongkatku, aku gunakan untuk berjalan dan aku gunakan untuk memukul daun2 kayu supaya gugur untuk kambing2ku".

Kenapa Allah masih bertanya Nabi Musa sedangkan Allah Maha Mengetahui? Kerana... begitulah cara Allah bermesra dengan NabiNya walaupun Allah sudah tau tetapi Allah tetap bertanya.
Dalam kehidupan manusia cuba bayangkan kita sedang jemur kain, 
tiba2 datang seorang kawan kita bertanya 
"buat apa tu?" 
Kita pun menjawab " Tengah masak !"

Kawan kita tanya tu bukan sebab dia tak tau tapi dia nak bermesra dengan kita. Orang nak bermesra dengan kita, kita layan dia dengan sindiran. Itu tak patut. " -TG Haron Din-
"Saya ada RM 1, awak ada RM 1. 
Kalau kita tukar suka sama suka RM 1 itu, kita masih lagi ada RM 1 masing-masing.
Tapi, kalau saya ada 1 ilmu dan awak 1 ilmu, 
kemudian kita betukar-tukar ilmu itu, 
masing-masing akan ada 2 ilmu".

Aku tanya dia kenapa kamu sentiasa suka minum air di masjid/surau padahal air tu di rumah kamu pun ada?!!
Dia jawab, " supaya org yg letak air di masjid/surau ni diberi ganjaran oleh Allah.."

Bilamana sampai kpd kamu gosip2 tentang seseorang, maka biarlah gosip tu terhenti setakat kamu shj. 
Dan jika berita tu berhenti setakat kamu shj, bermakna kamu telah dpt pahala tutup aib org. Barangasiapa yg tutup aib mana2 muslim, 
" Allah akan tutup juga aib dia.."

3 doa yg wajar kamu ingat utk dibaca semasa sujud2 kamu :-
1. Ya Allah, aku mohon dgn Mu pengakhiran yg baik. Iaitu dalam khusnul Khotimah.
2. Ya Allah, kurnialah kepada ku taubat nasuha sebelum aku mati.
3. Wahai Allah yg membolakbalikkan hati, tetapkanlah hatiku atas agamaMu.
Sehinggakan bila kamu berniat utk sebarkan ucapan ini, meniatkan sahaja tu pun dah dikira sebagai kebaikan.
Moga2 dengannya Allah melepaskan kesusahan drpd kesusahan2 di dunia dan akhirat.
Peringatan :- " Buatlah baik walau sekecil kecilnya. ''
[ANDAI AJAL DALAM TIDUR...
EMPAT PERKARA SEBELUM TIDUR WALAU SESIBUK MANAPUN DENGAN TUGAS HARIAN.
Rasulullah berpesan kepada siti Aisyah ra.
“ Ya, Aisyah! Jangan engkau tidur sebelum melakukan empat perkara yaitu :

1. Sebelum khatam al-Quran.
2. Sebelum menjadikan para nabi bersyafaat untukmu di hari kiamat.
3. Sebelum para muslimin meredhai engkau.
4. Sebelum engkau melaksanakan haji dan umrah".
Bertanya Siti Aisyah :
“Ya Rasulullah ! bagaimana aku dapat melaksanakan empat perkara seketika? “

Rasulullah tersenyum dan bersabda :
1. “Jika engkau akan tidur,bacalah surah al –Ikhlas tiga kali
Seakan-akan engkau telah meng-khatamkan Al-Quran
” Bismillaahirrahmaa nirrahiim,
‘Qul huallaahu ahad’ Allaah hussamad’
lam yalid walam yuulad’
walam yakul lahuu kufuwan ahad’ ( 3x ) “

2. "Bacalah shalawat untukku dan untuk para nabi sebelum aku" maka kami semua akan memberimu syafaat di hari kiamat
“ Bismillaahirrahmaa nirrrahiim, Allaahumma shallii ‘alaa saiyyidina Muhammad wa’alaa aalii saiyyidina Muhammad ( 3x ) “

3. “Beristighfarlah” untuk para mukminin maka mereka akan meredhai engkau
“ Astaghfirullaah hal 'adziim al lazhii laa ilaaha illaa huwal hayyul qayyuum wa atuubu ilaih ( 3x )

4. Dan perbanyaklah “bertasbih, bertahmid , bertahlil dan bertakbir” maka seakan-akan engkau telah melaksanakan ibadah haji dan umrah
“ Bismillaahirrahmaa nirrrahiim
Subhanallaah Walhamdulillaah Walaa ilaaha illallaah hu wallah hu akbar "
( 3x )

Sampaikanlah kepada orang lain,
maka ini akan menjadi sedekah jariah pada setiap orang yang anda kirimkan pesan ini, dan apabila kemudian dia mengamalkannya, maka kamu juga akan ikut mendapat ganjaran pahalanya insha Allah...

Jangan jemu saling mengingatkan

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